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Birth:
1 Oct 1753
Fauquier co, Va, Usa
Death:
Apr 1792
Oh, Usa
Notes:
                   Dates of birth and death from 2 Field Genealogy 1122. Ensign and scout in Lord Dunmore's 1774 Indian expedition.  At start of Revolution, joined Continental Army as lieutenant in Gen'l Daniel Morgan's rifle corps, refusing a major's commission, saying he could do more good in the capacity in which he was serving.  Returned with family to Kentucky in 1786, and volunteered under Gen'l Elisha Clarke on Wabash expedition and was appointed lt. colonel of militia.  Was killed by Miami indians under a flag of truce having been sent by Gen'l James Wilkinson on peace mission. 2 Field Genealogy 1122.

"HARDIN, John, soldier, born in Fauquier county, Virginia, 1 October, 1753; died on Ohio river in April, 1792.  His father removed when John was twelve years of age to an unbroken wilderness near the Pennsylvania line, where he became so skilful a marksman that he was greatly feared by the hostile Indians.  He was ensign in Lord Dunmore's expedition against the Indians in 1774, and served as a scout.  At the beginning of the Revolution he joined the Continental army as lieutenant in General Daniel Morgan's rifle corps, and refused a major's commission, saying that he could do his country more good in the capacity in which he was serving.  He removed to Kentucky in 1786, and in the same year volunteered under General Elisha Clarke on the Wabash expedition, and was appointed lieutenant-colonel of militia.  He was in every expedition against the Kentucky Indians from 1787 until his death, except that of General Arthur St. Clair.  In April, 1792, he was sent by General James Wilkinson with overtures of peace to the Miami Indians, and while he was bearing a flag of truce near Shawneetown, his fine horse and equipments attracted the cupidity of the chiefs, who treacherously shot him to obtain these spoils. The county of Hardin, which was formed in 1792, was named in his honor."  Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

--John's nephew, Benjamin, statesman, born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, in 1784; died in Bardstown, Kentucky, 24 September, 1852. He removed to Kentucky in childhood, received a primary education, stud-led law, was admitted to the bar in 1800, and began to practise at Bardstown. He served in the state house of representatives in 1810-'11 and 1824-'5, and in 1815 took his seat in congress, having been elected as a Whig, and served till 1817, and again from 1833 till 1837. In 1844 he was appointed secretary of state of Kentucky, held office till his resignation in 1847, and was a member of the State constitutional convention of 1849. He was distinguished as a debater, and his style was pungent and sarcastic. John Randolph, of Roanoke, described him as "a kitchen-knife, rough and homely, but keen and trenchant." --

http://www.shelbycountyhistory.org/schs/indians/coljohnhardin.htm:    "The village of Hardin, Shelby County, Ohios first county seat, located west of Sidney is named after Colonel John Hardin. Born in Virginia in 1753, he moved with his family, at the age of 12, to Pennsylvania. After joining the military, he was eventually commissioned as a second lieutenant in Daniel Morgan's Rifle Corps and served during the Revolutionary War. He was one of the heroes in the battles of Saratoga that reversed the fortune of the Continental Army and the countrys fight for independence. The defeat of British General Burgoyne, his huge army, and their surrender on October 16, 1777, gave new impetus to the American cause. Burgoynes routing and humiliating surrender finally convinced Louis XVl of France that the Americans could win their rebellion, and that he was now ready to commit his nation to another war on the American continent against their traditional enemy, the English.

"After the war, Hardin moved to Kentucky where he became a successful farmer, and part-time soldier participating in many successful engagements against Indian raiders in Kentucky. Because of his record, Hardin and a Captain Truman were selected to take a message to the Indians (in Ohio and beyond) written by Secretary of War Henry Knox. They were peace missions, with Truman to visit the Indians along the Maumee River, and Hardin, the area reaching to Upper Sandusky.

"The message read, in part: 'To all the tribes south of the Lakes (Great), east of the Mississippi and northwest of the Ohio (river). Brothers - The President of the United States (George Washington) entertains the opinion, that the war which exists is founded in error and mistake on your part. That you believe that the United States wants to deprive you of your lands and drive you out of the country. Be assured that this is not so; on the contrary, that we should be greatly gratified with the opportunity of imparting to you all the blessings of civilized life, of teaching you to cultivate corn, to raise oxen, sheep and other domestic animals; to build comfortable houses; so as ever to dwell upon the land.'

"Both parties left Fort Washington (Cincinnati) with a guide and interpreter in June 1792. Before leaving the fort, Hardin wrote to his wife about his mission; reassuring her that, although it might be dangerous based on recent reports, his message from the president should be well received. He wrote: "The Indians have killed several persons in the quarter lately and leave behind them war clubs, which denotes their intentions of war. But do not let this give you any uneasiness as I have not a doubt that I shall meet with good treatment, as the speech and the belt I shall take is from the president of the United States."

"Col. Hardins party, along with John Flinn (guide and Interpreter) included a servant named Freeman. John Flinn himself has an interesting story in that he, and his entire family, were captured by Indians in Virginia and spent 14 years living with the Indians. He served Col. Johnston as an interpreter at his Indian agency near Fort Wayne and at upper Piqua.   Flinn, and the Hardin party headed north and were within three quarters of a mile of the current village of Hardin, Shelby County, near Turtle Creek, when they were waylaid by a party of three or four Shawnee Indians. The details of the encounter and what transpired is contained in the notes of Col John Johnston, Indian agent, as told to him by Blackhoof, Chief of the Shawnee, and others, soon after the peace of 1795.

"The Indian party, learning of Hardins mission, professed friendship and camped the night with the white men. During the night Col. Hardin and some of his companions were murdered by the Indians. Flinn tried to escape, but since he had spent many years living with the Indians, his life was spared. Col. Johnston, in Hardins memory, caused the future village to be named Hardin. Captain Truman was also killed, just one days ride from his destination, possibly at the mouth of the Auglaize River. Col. Johnston records that Hardin was probably murdered for his fine clothes and the equipment the party carried. According to other recorded comments of that day, Hardin and Truman were both scalped.

"A quotation from a speech to General Wayne on December 25, 1792, at Legionville, Pennsylvania, by Chief Cornplanter and New Arrow of the Allegheny Indians, reads:  General Washington must not think hard of the loss of Col. Hardin and others, as we have since understood they were sent with messages of peace; unluckily for them and us, they had taken the bad road; if four spies, whom we left on that road, saw any of your people, they took them for enemies, and treated them as such; we know that you people would have done the same."

"The Shelby County Historical Society, along with three other organizations, erected a marker commemorating the killing of Colonel Hardin.  It is the same marker which notates the stopping point of the Shawnee on their final journey from Shelby County, Ohio.  It can be seen today in the center of the Hardin village on SR 47.  ['Indian' segment written in December, 1997 by David Lodge]."
                  
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